Aberdeen Angus breed in the world
The Aberdeen Angus breed has its origin in the North-East of Scotland from native Aberdeen Angus cattle. The founder of the breed is considered to be Hugh Watson who used inbreeding and strict selection for beef production, selecting black cattle with easy calving and low birth weight. The herd book of the breed from1862 was spread in several European countries but especially on the American continent (USA, Canada, Brazil, Argentina).
It is a representative breed for the English beef cattle, created in the Northern Scotland, it comes from the old populations of acheratos cattle cross bred with cattle of Scandinavian origin with and without horns who intruded the area around the XIV-th century. At the beginning of the 17th century, the breed was “infused” with other breeds (Galloway, Shorthorn, Ayrshire and Guersey). The improving and anchorage of the breed sharpened at the end of the 18th century.
The Angus breed had the most powerful ascension ever known for a cattle breed.
The Aberdeen Angus breed in Romania
The Angus Breed appeared in Romania around 1958-1961 and was used in industrial cross breeding with low productive cows of local breeds in order to obtain hybrids with good beef production features. During the next years, imports of Angus bulls took place, bulls used for hybridisation and embryo transfer in order to obtain semen and cross breed with existing breeds in Romania. Until 2008 there were only a few Angus cattle cores, this breed was not known outside small groups and was not often used in cross breeding with native-born breeds. At the end of 2008 the first massive import of Angus cattle arrived in Romania, in a farm near Sibiu. This core developed continuously through imports and own calves so that it counts today over 3000 cattle, being the biggest beef cattle reproduction farm in Romania. Starting with 2010 the communication regarding the advantages of this breed developed and more and more Romanian farmers chose such a business so that at the end of 2013 there were over 100 Angus farmers more than 5000 cattle.