Document informing users about the presence of cookies on the site
The following information is intended to provide the user with more details about the placement, use and management of cookies used by www.aberdeenangus.ro. If you need more information, and it is not provided below, you can contact us at +40 369 422 044 or email@example.com.
This website uses both its own cookies and third-party cookies to provide visitors with a much better browsing experience and services tailored to their needs and interests.
What is a cookie?
An „Internet Cookie” (also known as a „browser cookie” or „HTTP cookie” or simply „cookie”) is a small file of letters and numbers that will be stored on a user’s computer, mobile device or other equipment from which the Internet is accessed.
The cookie is installed by a request issued by a web-server to a browser (e. g. Internet Explorer, Chrome) and is completely „passive” (contains no software, viruses or spyware and cannot access information on the user’s hard drive).
A cookie consists of two parts: the name and the content or value of the cookie. Furthermore, the lifetime of a cookie is determined; technically, only the web server that sent the cookie can access it again when a user returns to the website associated with that web server. Cookies themselves do not require personal information in order to be used and, in most cases, do not personally identify Internet users.
There are two broad categories of cookies:
- Session cookies – these are temporarily stored in the web browser’s cookie folder for the browser to remember until the user exits the website or closes the browser window (e. g. when logging in/out of a web/mail account or social media).
- Persistent Cookies – these are stored on a computer’s or device’s hard drive (and generally depend on the cookie’s default lifetime). Persistent cookies also include those placed by a website other than the one the user is currently visiting – known as ‘third party cookies’ – which can be used anonymously to remember a user’s interests so that the most relevant advertising can be delivered to users.
What are the advantages of cookies?
A cookie contains information that links a web-browser (the user) to a specific web-server (the website). If a browser accesses that web-server again, it can read the information already stored and react accordingly. Cookies ensure a pleasant browsing experience and support the efforts of many websites to provide convenient services to users: e. g. online privacy preferences, site language choices, shopping carts or relevant advertising.
What is the lifetime of a cookie?
Cookies are managed by web servers. The lifetime of a cookie can vary significantly, depending on the purpose for which it is placed. Some cookies are used exclusively for a single session (session cookies) and are no longer retained by the user who has left the website and some cookies are retained and reused each time the user returns to that website (‘permanent cookies’). However, cookies can be deleted by a user at any time via browser settings.
What are third-party cookies?
Certain sections of content on some sites may be provided through third party/providers (e.g. a news box, a video or an advertisement). These third parties may also place cookies through the site and they are called „third party cookies” because they are not placed by the owner of that website. Third party providers must also comply with applicable law and the site owner’s privacy policies are Google Analytics and Right Now.
How are cookies used by this site?
A visit to this site may place cookies for purposes of:
- Site performance cookies.
- Analytics cookies.
Cookies for visitor analytic
Each time a user visits this site the analytic software provided by a third party generates a user analytics cookie. This cookie tells us whether you have visited this site before. Your browser will tell us if you have this cookie, and if not, we will generate one. It allows us to track unique users who visit us and how often they do so.
Other third party cookies
On some pages, third parties may set their own anonymous cookies in order to track the success of an application, or to customize an application. Due to the way we use it, this site cannot access these cookies, just as third parties cannot access cookies held by this site.
Cookies used by this site may come from the following third parties:
1. Google Analytics
The website uses Google Analytics cookies to collect information about how visitors use this website and to detect possible navigation problems. Google Analytics stores information about the pages visited, the time spent on the site, the way the site was accessed and the sections accessed within the pages. No personal information is stored, therefore this information cannot be used to identify the user.
The site uses Oracle cookies to personalize and maintain the user’s chat session. This type of cookie remembers the user’s preferences on this site, so there is no need to set them each time the site is visited.
What kind of information is stored and accessed through cookies?
Cookies store information in a small text file that allows a website to recognize a browser. The web server recognizes your browser until the cookie expires or is stressed.
The cookie stores important information that enhances the web browsing experience (e.g. language settings for a website; keeping a user logged into a web/mail account; online banking security; keeping products in the shopping cart).
Why are cookies important for the Internet?
Cookies are at the heart of the efficient functioning of the Internet, helping to generate a user-friendly browsing experience tailored to each user’s preferences and interests. Refusing or disabling cookies may make some sites unusable.
Denying or disabling cookies does not mean that you will no longer receive online advertising – just that it will no longer be able to take into account your preferences and interests as evidenced by your browsing behavior.
Examples of important uses of cookies (which do not require a user to log in via an account):
- Content and services tailored to user preferences – news categories, weather, sports, maps, public and government services, entertainment sites and travel services.
- Offers tailored to users’ interests – password retention, language preferences (e. g. displaying search results in English).
- Retain child protection filters on Internet content (family mode options, safe search functions).
- Limiting ad frequency – limiting the number of times an ad is shown to a particular user on a site.
- Provide more relevant advertising to the user.
- Measurement, optimization and analytic features – such as confirming a certain level of traffic to a website, what type of content is being viewed and how a user gets to a website (e. g. via search engines, directly, from other websites etc). Websites run these analytics on their usage to improve their websites for the benefit of users.
Security and privacy issues
Cookies are NOT viruses! They use plain text formats. They are not made up of pieces of code so they cannot be executed or run themselves. Consequently, they cannot be duplicated or replicated on other networks to run or replicate themselves again. Since they cannot perform these functions, they cannot be considered viruses.
Cookies can still be used for negative purposes. Because they store information about users’ preferences and browsing history, both on a particular site and on several other sites, cookies can be used as a form of Spyware. Many anti-spyware products are aware of this fact and consistently flag cookies for deletion as part of anti-virus/anti-spyware deleting/scanning procedures.
Browsers generally have built-in privacy settings that provide different levels of cookie acceptance, validity period and automatic deletion after the user has visited a particular site.
Other security issues related to cookies
Other cookie-based attacks involve wrong cookie settings on servers. If a website does not require the browser to use only encrypted channels, attackers can use this vulnerability to trick browsers into sending information through unsecured channels. Attackers then use the information to gain unauthorized access to certain websites. It is very important to be careful in choosing the most appropriate method of protecting personal information.
Tips for safe and responsible browsing based on cookies.
Here are a few tips that can ensure that you don’t surf without worrying about cookies:
- Customize your browser’s cookie settings to reflect a level of cookie security that is comfortable for you.
- If you don’t mind cookies and you are the only person using your computer, you can set long expiry times for storing browsing history and personal access data.
- If you share access to your computer, you may consider setting your browser to delete individual browsing data each time you close the browser. This is a variation of accessing sites that place cookies and deleting any visit data when you close your browsing session.
- Install and constantly update anti-spyware applications.
Many spyware detection and prevention applications include detection of attacks on websites. This prevents the browser from accessing websites that could exploit browser vulnerabilities or download dangerous software. Make sure your browser is always up to date. Many cookie-based attacks are carried out by exploiting weaknesses in older versions of browsers.
Cookies are everywhere and cannot be avoided if you want to enjoy access to the best and biggest sites on the Internet – local or international. With a clear understanding of how they work and the benefits they bring, you can take the necessary security measures so you can surf the internet with confidence.
How can I stop cookies?
Disabling and refusing to receive cookies may make certain sites unusable or difficult to visit and use. Also, refusing to accept cookies does not mean that you will no longer receive/see online advertising.
It is possible to set your browser to stop accepting these cookies, or you can set your browser to accept cookies from a specific site. But, for example, if you are not registered using cookies, you will not be able to leave comments.
All modern browsers offer the possibility to change cookie settings. These settings are usually found in the „options” or „preferences” menu of your browser.